The Royal Military College of Canada (RMC), is the military academy of the Canadian Forces, and is a degree-granting university. RMC is the only federal institution in Canada with degree granting powers. Located on Point Frederick, a 41-hectare peninsula in Kingston, Ontario, the college is a blend of older, historic buildings and modern academic, athletic, and dormitory facilities. Officer Cadets are trained in the four pillars of academics, military, athletics, and bilingualism (French and English).
Aerial view of the Royal Military College of Canada.
The Royal Military College of Canada, Canada's Military University,
prepares officer-cadets for a career in the profession of arms and
continues the development of other Canadian Forces members and
civilians with interest in defence issues. RMC provides programs and
courses of higher education and professional development to meet the needs of the Canadian Forces and the Department of National Defence.
RMC is responsible to:
Provide a university education in both official languages in
appropriate disciplines designed on a broad base to meet the unique
needs of the Canadian Forces
Develop qualities of leadership in officer cadets
Develop the ability to communicate in both official languages for officer cadets
Develop a high standard of physical fitness
Stimulate an awareness of the ethic of the military profession
Conduct research activities in support of RMC and to meet the needs of Defence Research Agencies
The RMC priorities are:
To build high quality, world-class programs in areas of importance to the Canadian Forces and to Canada,
To promote national and international collaborations and partnerships, and
To promote interdisciplinary co-operation.
RMC's Mackenzie Building at Night
The RMC mission is to educate, train and develop Officer Cadets for leadership careers of effective service in the Canadian Forces-Canadian Forces Air Command, Canadian Forces Maritime Command and Canadian Forces Land Force Command.
For most students, education is free and a monthly salary is paid which meets incidentals. The courses are offered both on site and by distance learning in both official languages: English and French.
RMC offers 19 undergraduate programs in Arts, Science and Engineering. RMC offers 34 graduate studies opportunities, including 14 doctorates. In addition to the Faculty (university) of Arts, Engineering, and Science,
the Division of Continuing Studies offers undergraduate and graduate
level programs including the "Officer Professional Military Education
Program" (OPME). The Department of Applied Military Science
(AMS) offers a graduate level program - the Land Force Technical Staff
Programme (LFTSP) and an undergraduate/community college level program
- the Army Technical Warrant Officer's Programme.
All undergraduate students are required to complete the core curriculum, which is designed to provide a balanced liberal arts, science, and military education. The Core Curriculum consists of Economics, Psychology, Mathematics, English, Calculus, Military history of Canada, Chemistry, Canadian History, Physics and Civics. Cadets can choose to specialize in Aeronautical Engineering, Chemical Engineering 1965-1981, 2001-, Chemical and Materials Engineering: 1992-2001, Computer Engineering (Hardware or Software streams) 1983-, Civil Engineering 1965-, Electrical Engineering 1965- and Mechanical Engineering 1965-. Engineering and Management was offered: 1972-1995. Engineering Physics
was offered 1975-1995 and Fuels and Materials Engineering were offered
1982-1991. Engineers provide support to deployed operations and
domestic installations. RMC was the first college in Canada to train
Royal Military College of Canada
Truth, Duty, Valour
S157 Hon. Peter MacKay (ex-officio as Minister of National Defence)
Dr. Joel Sokolsky
12192 BGen Tom Lawson (RMC '79)
1,032 full-time, 5,000 continuing education
Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Waterfront CFB Kingston
A University with a Difference
Red and White
RMC Polar Bear in scarlet uniform and pillbox hat
AUCC, IAU,AUFC,COU,CIS,CVU, Fields Institute, PPC, UArctic,MAISA, CUSID, CMA, OUA, DRDC, Ontario Network of Women in engineering
Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science, Mathematics and Space
Science are offered by the Faculty of Science. The Faculty of Science,
in conjunction with the Faculty of Arts, also offers three joint
honours degrees: Computer Science and Business Administration, Chemistry and Psychology, and Space Science and Military and Strategic Studies. The science programs are relevant to occupations in both the Canadian Forces and the civilian sector.
Students pursuing a Bachelor of Arts gain practical communication
and critical thinking skills as well as specialized, hands-on
experience in their chosen field. English, French, Economics, Political Science, History, Business Administration, Military theory, Military strategy studies, Military Psychology and Leadership are offered by the Faculty of Arts.
Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Arts
Faculty of Science
Chemistry & Chemical Engineering
Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering
Humanities (English, History, or French)
Social Science (Politics and Economics)
Military and Strategic Studies
Military Psychology and Leadership
Mathematicsand Computer Science
Applied Military Science
Faculty of Continuing Studies
Land Force Technical Staff Programme (LFTSP)
Army Technical Warrant Officer's Programme.
Continuing Studies Division - RMC Saint-Jean
Graduate Studies and Research
Awards are granted to outstanding cadets:
J.W. Brown Memorial Medal
Third Year cadet with highest academic standing in Arts programme.
7268 Jim W. Brown (RMC 1967)
M. Dawe Memorial Sword
best ROTP infantry senior cadet to carry in fourth year.
22596 Captain Matt Dawe (RMC 2004)
Graduating Year cadet
2569 Major Desmond H. Gibson, ED and 805 Col The Honourable Colin W. Gibson, PC, MC, VD
N. Goddard Memorial Sword
to the best ROTP artillery cadet to carry in fourth year.
22458 Captain Nichola Goddard (RMC 2002) Memorial Swords
top female runner of the Annual Harrier Race -"for Annual Competition by Gentlemen Cadets" until 1954.
3252 EA "Ted" Tromanhauser (RMC '54)
Regular Officer Training Plan (ROTP), the Reserve Entry Training
Plan (RETP) squadron amassing the most points in the Commandant's
Competition, with events involving military, athletic and academic
Leinster plate donated to RMC museum
MacArthur Leadership Award
cadet who demonstrates outstanding leadership performance based on
credo of Duty-Honour-Country and potential for future service in the
profession of arms.
General Douglas MacArthur
Jack C. Sargant Memorial Scholarship
varsity athlete student who demonstrates proficiency in academic standing, sportsmanship, leadership, and athletic ability.
3091 Jack J.C. Sargant (RMC 1953)
Duncan Sayre MacInnes Memorial Scholarship
Fourth Year cadet who is considered the most deserving of those who
accept a regular commission in the military occupation of Aerospace
Brigadier-General Duncan Sayre MacInnes, (RMC 1897) CMG, DSO, Royal Engineers
overall winner of the Ex cadet vs Cadet sports challenge on ex cadet (Reunion) weekend
12609 Thomas A Pijper (RMC 1980)
Sword of Distinction for Leadership
graduating ROTP/RETP cadet who displays outstanding leadership
through attaining the highest Cadet appointment of Cadet Wing Senior
(CWS) in their graduating year.
Sword of Honour
graduating ROTP/RETP cadet who best combines high standards of proficiency in each of the four components of the RMC programme.
Victor Van der Smissen-Ridout Memorial Award
graduating ROTP/RETP cadet deemed to stand highest morally, intellectually, and physically at RMC.
Captain William Henry Victor Van der Smissen (KIA 1916) and 2415 W.L. Ridout (RMC 1934) (KIA 1934)
Wheatley Challenge Cup
overall winner of the annual Harrier Run
4252 MGen (Ret'd) Howard HR Wheatley (RRMC RMC 1958)
The Whitaker Cup
awarded annually to the top Team Captain of a RMC varsity sports team.
Brigadier-General Denis Whitaker
J. Douglas Young Sword of Excellence
Cadet Squadron Leader (CSL) of the Squadron winning the Commandant's Competition.
2360 Major John Douglas (Doug) Young (RMC 1937) who was KIA on D-Day
Centres and Institutes
Canadian Forces Language Schools
Canadian Forces Leadership Institute at RMC
The Royal Language Center of Canada, a part of the Royal Military
College of Canada, teaches cadets how to communicate in both of
Canada's official languages, English and French. The program begins
with 4 placement tests. Students are placed into small classes and
undergo 5 periods of instruction per week during regular school hours.
Founded in 1958, the mission of the Language Schools at the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean, Quebec, Ottawa, Ontario and Borden, Ontario is to provide language training for military personnel.^
Founded in September 1999, the Canadian Forces Leadership Institute
(CFLI) on the grounds of the Royal Military College of Canada mission
is to be the source from which radiates the philosophy of leadership
and command that drives the Canadian Officer Corps. The Institute play
a role in the overall development of all Canadian Forces officers and
Non Commissioned Members.
The Institute (CFLI) is a centre for multi-disciplinary research,
analysis and lessons learned on leadership and professionalism in the
armed forces and civil society. The Institute's civilian and military
faculty in the social sciences and humanities
ensure that academic theories, models and concepts guide military
doctrine and reforms and share Canadian military concepts, policies and
programs with the academic community, other government departments and
Centre for International Relations at Queens
Centre for Space Research at RMC
Established in 1975, the mission is to conduct research in matters
of national and international security and other aspects of
international relations. The Centre has strong links with the RMC..
The mission is to create an environment to promote active space
research programs and thereby provide support for Space Science and
other space-related degree programs and activities.
Canadian Forces Management Development School (CFMDS)
Centre for Automotive Materials and Manufacturing at Queens and RMC
The mission is to advance the knowledge base for addressing the key
technology challenges to the commercialisation of fuel cell
The mission is to support and promote research and education in the
field of advanced materials and manufacturing at Queen's University and
' Fuel Cell Research Centre at Queens and RMC
GeoEngineering Centre at Queens and RMC
The mission is to advance the knowledge base for addressing the key
technology challenges to the commercialisation of fuel cell
Founded in 2001, the GeoEngineering Centre at Queens and the RMC mission is to innovate and advance knowledge in geotechnical, geohydrological, geochemical, geomechanical and geosynthetics engineering. The Centre has been housed on the first floor of Ellis Hall at Queen's University since July 2004.
' High Performance Computing Consortium (HPCVL)
Institute for Defence Resources Management at the RMC
Led by Queen's University, the HPCVL mission is to provide
supercomputer power to a number of universities in Eastern Ontario:
Queen's University, RMC, the University of Ottawa and Carleton University. Researchers are provided with the computational power needed to solve increasingly complex problems.
The mission is to make available the most recent and relevant
research results from the study of defence economics to Canadian
defence policy analysis and decision-making.
Institute for the Environment at RMC
Defence and Security Research Institute (DSRI)at RMC
The mission is to become the principal provider of expertise
related to environmental issues within the Department of National
Defence and the Canadian Forces (DND/CF). The Institute provides
Environmental training through short courses, distance education, or as
part of undergraduate or graduate programs.
The Defence and Security Research Institute (DSRI) was created on
June 13, 2008 at RMC. The DSRI is designed to be an
internationally-recognized defence and security centre within both the
academic and defence and security science research communities. The
Research Areas of Pursuit are: communications, energy, environment,
materials, and security policy.
RMC refers to its students as "Fourth Year", "Third Year", "Second
year", and "First year". Most cadets consider first year to be the most
difficult because of the rules and restrictions developed to help
students transition from civilian to officer cadet. However, the third year is generally considered to be the hardest academically.
Officer cadets are responsible for the discipline, progress, and
efficiency of their wing, squadron or flight and carry out service
duties such as duty officer. Within the years, cadets can hold
positions of increasing responsibility with a cadet rank that may
include, from top to bottom, Cadet Wing Commander, Cadet Squadron
Leader, Cadet Flight Leader, and Cadet Section Commander.
Squadrons of the Cadet Wing
The undergraduate student body, known as the Cadet Wing, is sub-divided into 14 smaller groupings called squadrons, of approximately 70 officer cadets, under the guidance and supervision of senior cadets. Squadrons are subdivided into flights and sections.
Cartier / Tecumseh (1996-1998)
To be eligible to enter RMC, candidates must meet the course requirements for one of the undergraduate programs in Kingston, Ontario or the preparatory year in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec.
In addition, they must meet the Canadian Forces' general admission conditions (officer):
Be a Canadian citizen
Be 16 years old on January 1 of the year of enrolment
Pass the medical
Pass the pre-enrolment tests
Pass the enhanced reliability check
Pass the Initial Assessment Period (IAP)
The college recruits well-rounded students in the areas, which correspond to the four components. In addition, RMC gives extra weight to those applicants with second-language skills, although this is not a requirement.
The application process, which is independent from that of the
Ontario Universities' Application Centre, uses a separate application
form. The Selection Board informs applicants no later than mid-May.
Applicants are accepted into the Science, Engineering or Arts Program.
Regular Officer Training Plan(ROTP)/Reserve Entry Training Plan (RETP)
In addition to a university education, Officer Cadets receive
military training, occupation training and second language training and
a career after graduation. The full-time salary includes full dental
care, as well as vacation with full pay. Upon successful completion of
ROTP, Officer Cadets are awarded a university degree and granted
commissions as Officers in the Canadian Forces. Normally, graduates
serve at least five years with the Canadian Forces. The application deadline to ROTP is in January for Basic Officer Training in July and admission the following September.
Typically, successful applicants enter the Canadian Military College
(CMC) System as an Officer Cadet, where they receive an education that
balances academics, leadership, bilingualism and athletics. If there are more qualified candidates than the CMC System can accommodate or the choice of programme is not offered, such as Nursing, Physiotherapy and Pharmacy,
successful applicants would be eligible to apply to any Canadian
university where books, lab fees and student fees are covered, and
students receive a monthly salary.
Since an application to ROTP is also an application to the Canadian
Military College System, all candidates are assessed against an aptitude test, a medical examination, and an interview. Military Potential is an assessment of Aptitudes, Personality Traits, and the choice of occupation.
Academic Performance is an a candidate's top six most recent marks
related to the requirements of the chosen programme. Officer Cadets are
obliged to maintain satisfactory academic and military performance
throughout the programme. The cadets come to RMC without Military Occupational Structure Identifications (MOSIDs) but
with a list of those they wish to be in. The MOSIDs are categorized
into 9 groupings, Operations, Support and Engineering, for each of the three environments (army, navy, airforce). An early acceptance board will be held prior to Christmas
in order to make offers to a few top-level candidates who submitted
early applications. At the end of first year, Military Career
Counselors from the Recruiting Centres will come to RMC and conduct Military Potential (MP) interviews. The merit listing and
offers are based on the results of the interview, the results of their
first year performance, and recruit camp course report. The individuals
will have a year to learn about other MOSIDs so that if they do not get
what they were initially after, they will be more likely to accept
something else. Individuals who do not get offered anything that they
are interested in may submit a voluntary withdrawal without penalty.
RMC started a graduate studies programme in 1965. The Division of Continuing Studies was established in 1997.
The mandate of the RMC Division of Continuing Studies is to make university education available to all members of the Canadian Forces, spouses and DND civilian employees. Canadian Forces and other professional training is recognized for credit towards undergraduate or advanced degrees.
Unique degree programs, specially tailored for CF members, include:
Bachelor of Military Arts & Sciences,
Master of Defence Management and Policy, and
Master of Arts in War Studies.
The RMC was named Research University of the Year in the undergraduate
category by Research Infosource Inc., which produces Canada's Top 50
Research Universities List 2007. Half the points were awarded based on
financial indicators and the other half based on research output and
Research and partnerships
In the Engineering and Science Divisions, RMC pursues the following principal thematic areas of research:
Information Technology, Communications, Microelectronics and Chip Technology,
Energy and Energy development,
Advanced Materials engineering,
Geotechnical Engineering, and
Fluid Mechanics and Engineering.
The RMC Green Team provides internal consultants on environmental issues:
wastewater, and stormwater management,
renewable energy and
In the Social Sciences and Humanities Divisions, RMC pursues research and activities in:
Political science and international security,
Peacekeeping and peacemaking,
Comparative government, international relations and ethical code of conduct in conflict,
The RMC Centre for Security, Armed Forces and Society (CSAS-CESFAS)
provides a focal point for research conducted within the Faculty of
Arts and facilitate the transfer of knowledge between the Department of
National Defence, other research institutions, scholars and Canadian
In the Department of Applied Military Science (AMS), RMC pursues:
the Land Force Technical Staff Programme (Captains & Majors);
The Diploma in Military Arts and Sciences (DMASc) provides Non-Commissioned Members (NCMs) of the Canadian Forces an online program made possible by a partnership between OntarioLearn (Algonquin College consortium member), the RMC, and the Canadian Defence Academy. Under a RMC and Algonquin College articulation agreement, all graduates of this
diploma program who apply to the RMC will be admitted into the Bachelor
of Military Arts and Sciences degree program with advanced standing.
Military education and training
Students are referred to as Officer Cadets (OCdt) in English and as Élève-officier (élof) in French, or for those in the Navy, Naval Cadet
(NCdt) and Aspirant de marine (aspm). As an RMC cadet, military
training begins with Phase I with the Initial Assessment Period (IAP)
at the Canadian Forces Leadership and Recruit School
Saint-Jean. During this period after completion of the first academic
year, the cadets the cadets will complete the Basic Officer Training
Course (BOTC) as well as the Basic Officer Training Period in one
summer. Details have yet to be finalized, but preliminary reports
suggest the cadets will complete between 10 and 14 weeks of training in
that one summer. After the completion of BOTP, those cadets who are not
yet bilingual are usually enrolled in a seven-week period of Second
Language Training (SLT) at Canadian Forces Language School
Detachment Saint-Jean. The remaining summers are spent completing Phase
II, which are environmental training courses (depending on whether the
cadet is Canadian Army, Navy or Air force). On the job training
courses are also available to a number of cadets during the summer
periods. During Phases III and IV, students take trade specific
Army training relates to, for example, combat engineering and logistics. Naval training covers navigation and naval engineering. Various military science courses and programs stress doctrine, campaigning, strategy, weapons systems and military law.
First Year Orientation Period
First Year Orientation Period, (FYOP) is the most demanding
experience for many cadets' RMC, if not military, career. FYOP takes
place during the first month of the academic year. It can be compared
to Frosh week
at civilian universities. FYOP begins with the Arch parade where the
entire First Year class is marched onto College grounds by their FYOP
staff consisting of Third and Fourth Years.
During the course of FYOP, First Year cadets are required to keep an
exceptionally high standard of dress and deportment. They are required
to march at all times. Physical Training is conducted, with long runs
up neighbouring Fort Henry, Ontario
hill a frequent occurrence. Inspections of room standards and dress are
conducted daily. For the duration of FYOP, First Years are not
permitted to leave RMC or receive visitors. Mail and phone calls are
allowed but are limited.
The culmination of the FYOP is the obstacle course.
The obstacle course lasts over 2 hours and consists of thirteen
obstacles built by each squadron located around the college grounds.
Obstacles such as a 12-foot wall and rope bridges are designed to test
teamwork and physical fitness
of First Years. The First Year flights are judged on the time it takes
to complete each obstacle. The completion of the obstacle course
signals the end of FYOP. Afterwards, First Years are given a parade
where they are officially welcomed into RMC and join the Cadet Wing.
Cadets are then allowed to see their friends and relatives after 7
weeks, and allowed the freedom to leave college grounds under the
condition that they wear their College uniform.
Third year cadets, in RMC's mentorship program, are paired with first year cadets to mentor, guide, and influence them.
The Military Law Centre on the grounds of RMC, staffed with 12 military lawyers, oversees the education of officers and troops in legal matters ranging from the Forces' own code of conduct to the laws of war. It trains military lawyers and advises Ottawa on matters of policy and doctrine. The centre integrates legal education into the regular training that Forces members undergo and establishes its growing importance within the military hierarchy. Selected RMC Canada cadets participate in Law Of Armed Conflict international Competitions each fall with cadets from USAFA, USMA, USNA, and USCGA. In the Spring of 2008, RMC cadets will be selected to participate in a competition on the Law of Armed Conflict at the International Institute of Humanitarian Law in Sanremo, Italy.
Royal Military College of Canada Cadets perform human pyramid in 1901
Main article: RMC Paladins
One of the four Components of the Royal Military College of Canada,
the mission of the Athletic component is to provide opportunities for
all officer-cadets to participate in physical activities and sports
that are mentally demanding in order to develop their overall physical
capabilities, self-confidence and leadership. The Physical education mission is "to establish a strong foundation of
skills and knowledge in physical fitness, sports, and military-related
activities through a progressive and diverse physical education program
for RMC Officer Cadets" The Vision is "foster a passion for active
living and leadership in physical activity." To enhance their physical fitness
and develop military and athletic skills necessary to lead their
troops, Cadets must take physical education classes every year - for a
total of 100 min per week. The first year program focusses on personal physical fitness: theory on exercise physiology, nutrition, training principles and injury prevention. The cadets complete the Basic Military Swim Standard test. The second year program focussed on collective sports: soccer, broomball, spinning, volleyball, basketball, squash, badminton, flag-football, handball, water polo and softball. Cadets acquire basic skills to organize a sport tournament. The third year program focusses on military skills: unarmed combat, different obstacle courses, waterborne training and military rappelling. The fourth year program focussed on individual sports: canoeing, rock climbing, weight training, swimming and life guarding, advanced unarmed combat, pressure points control tactics and spinning leadership.
The RMC 2008-9 varsity sports are: basketball, fencing, hockey, rugby, running, soccer, taekwondo and volleyball.
The RMC 2008-9 intramural leagues are: ball hockey, basketball, ice hockey, soccer, ultimate frisbee, and waterpolo.
The RMC 2008-9 club sports are broomball, cheerleading, cycling, fish & game, judo, juggling, outdoors, paintball, social dance, triathlon/running, water polo, windsurfing, rugby, and yacht.
The Massed Band, consisting of the Brass and Reed, Pipes and Drums, and Highland Dancers, perform at parades, public relation trips and recruit shows. The Brass and Reed Band is a multi-purpose section, used primarily as a parade march and concert band. The Pipe Section and the Drum Section perform at mess dinners; parades;
sporting events; ceremonies (official or squadron); weddings; funerals;
public relations; wing events; Christmas and Graduation Balls; private
events; and holidays. The Highland Dance Section perform at many of the same functions with the exception of parades and funerals. The Choir performs the Canadian national anthem; sings at mess dinners; and accompanies the Stage Band on selected pieces including: folk, jazz, traditional music, French music, show tunes, African music and Christmas songs. The Stage Band is versatile, performing dinner music followed by marches at college mess dinners. The Cheer Band,
a subsidiary of the Brass and Reed, performs music for RMC sporting
events, such as the Carr-Harris Cup and the Westpoint Weekend.
The RMC Band recorded two CDs, one in 1996 and the other in 1998. In addition, "The Sound of Scarlet: Royal Military College of Canada"
by Lieutenant-Commander D.K. Dickey is a 12' record circa 1960s or
early 1970s for Summit Records.
Mackenzie Building, RMC, in 1880
RMC is located on Point Frederick (Kingston), a small peninsula at the point where the St. Lawrence River leaves Lake Ontario and where the Rideau Canal system starts.
The location has been an active military base since 1789 and was an important dockyard during the War of 1812.
RMC Campus in 1920
Point Frederick includes three National Historic Site Designations: the 1920s Royal Navy Dockyard, the Point Frederick Buildings and Kingston Fortifications.
The Stone Frigate, a large stone building completed in 1820 by Sir Robert Barrie, was designed to hold gear and rigging from British warships dismantled in compliance with the Rush-Bagot Agreement. It served as a barracks briefly in 1837-38, and was refitted as a dormitory and classrooms to house RMC by 1876.
Canadian officers in mess dress or mess kit. Miniature medals and other accoutrements are also worn.
In fall 2008, Royal Military College officer cadets will return to
wearing a distinctive Dress of the Day (DOD) uniform which consists of
a white shirt, black sweater/light jacket, as well as black
trousers/skirt with a red stripe down the side. The headdress will be a
black wedge with red piping.
The RMC Cadet Service Officers Mess, has facilities for social and recreational activities. Mess dress is worn in the evenings or formal occasions.
The Baronial Hall or Currie Hall, which was constructed in 1922 to honour the Canadian Expeditionary Force in World War I
play a prominent role in the life of the University. During special
events, invited speakers and dignitaries may address the University
population or general public from the Great Hall. Many conferences held in Kingston, Ontario may book the halls for lectures or presentations.
The CANEX is a small store for personal articles, souvenirs, snacks and dry cleaning.
Bill & Alphie's is the on-campus cadet pub in Yeo Hall.
The campus is on the shore of Lake Ontario and has easy access to
two lake-front parks, favourite locations for students to relax and
unwind. The campus is also located approximately 10 minutes' walk from
the city's downtown.
RMC cadets are all encouraged to perform community service. This
past year, cadets supported a variety of charitable causes in Kingston,
There are 25 student clubs and organizations associated with the RMC: Arts, Astronomy, Broomball, Cheerleading, Climbing, Cycling, Debating, Duke of Edinburgh's Award, Fish & Game, Judo, Juggling, Outdoors, Paintball, Photo, Power Flying, Social Dance, Stage Band, Theatre, Triathlon/Running, Video Editing, War Games, Water Polo, Windsurfing, Women's Rugby and Yachting.
The Royal Military Colleges Club of Canada Foundation is a
registered Canadian charity which was incorporated in 1966. As an
element of the Canadian Forces, the college is unable to fund a
conventional full time fundraising team in a development office. The
foundation, consequently, works at arms length to assist the college
financially. Capital Campaigns have included the 2364 Leonard Birchall Pavilion (2007); Memorial Arch Restoration (2001) and the New Library Campaign (2013).
RMC cadets produce the campus newspaper, the Precision. The alumni association produces Veritasand e-Veritas.
The facilities are used during the summer for:
HMCS Ontario, a Royal Canadian Sea Cadets Summer Training Centre
"Can you dig it?" a week long archaeology summer camp.
Conferences and sporting events
Summer athletic and fencing camps at RMC include: RMC Soccer Camp "Kingston Kicks"; RMC Fencing High Performance Training Camp; RMC Super Summer Sports Camp; aaaRMC Pirate Camp; RMC Volleyball Camp.
Features and buildings
Panorama of the Royal Military College of Canada
Maj General WB Anderson, #359 former cadet and commandant
Leonard Birchall Sports pavilion
change rooms, referee rooms, washrooms, and shower facilities.
2364 Air Commodore Leonard Birchall, former commandant
Served as College Blacksmith's Shop then gymnasium until it was demolished in 1912
Former home of the Equestrian Program, now home to the War Studies Department
Triumphal arch monument, funded by the RMC Club
honours the Lady and Gentlemen Cadets who have died in combat or while attending the College.
Recent research has determined that the oldest portion of what is
currently known as the Commandant's house is the surgeon's house, dated
to 1820 or a bit later, not the wood-framed 1812 naval hospital, as is
The small structure to the rear of the Commandant's house; sometimes thought to have been the Morgue or Dead house; was a Well House dating to the 1850s.
Constantine hockey arena
Major-General Charles Francis Constantine, #621 former cadet, commandant, hockey player and coach
Registry of Historic Places of Canada
Annex to the Mackenzie Building housing Currie Hall, the Language Centre
Contains administrative offices and Otter Squadron - University Training Plan Non Commissioned Members (UTNCM).
Lieutenant-General Sir Arthur Currie, National Historic Person of Canada
The dockyard bell, which was in front of the Stone Frigate, is now in the RMC Museum.
Originally mounted on a pole beside the dockyard gate, was used to ring out navy time.
In use up until the final shutdown of the navy yard in the 1850s.
The bell went to St Mark's Church in Barriefield and it came back down (to RMC) in 1976.
Dormitory, houses 9 Squadron (Verchères) and Otter (UTPNCM) Squadron.
Joseph Brant, and Mollie Brant Mohawk leaders of the American Revolution. Joseph was a British military officer
Fort Champlain, B-34
Dormitory, houses 10 Squadron (Montcalm). Formerly housed 5
(Brock), 6 (Brant) and 7 (Wolfe) Squadron, then 8 (Mackenzie), 9
(Verchères), 10 (Montcalm), 11 (Otter), and 12 squadron
Samuel de Champlain, famous explorer and founder of Quebec City
Fort Frederick (Kingston)
A fortification consisting mostly of earthworks (engineering)
with a North wall of stone masonry
Registry of Historic Places of Canada
Contains one of the Martello Towers, built by Corps of Royal Engineers in 1846 which houses the RMC museum
Frederick, Prince of Wales
Dormitory, built between 1949-50 was re-opened in 2007, now houses 11 and 12 squadron.
Originally contained sports stores, swimming pool, admin offices, locker rooms, medical facilities and dormitories.
The pool, which was closed in the mid-1990s, was filled in and
covered with a concrete slab. The pool area was divided up into two
stories and is now used for laundry rooms, the Museum storeroom and
Sir Frederick Haldimand, former governor of Quebec
Lt Col. Charles-Eugène Panet (1829-98), Senator (1875), Deputy Minister of Militia (1875-98).
centre of college and site of all formal parades
There are 2 football fields, 5 hard surface tennis courts, 2 softball diamonds, 3 soccer fields. In addition, the aquatic sports are played in Navy Bay and the St. Lawrence River.
Rideout Row or Hogans Alley
early 20th century row housing (2 terraces each with 8 4 roomed
cottages, built as servants quarters, later private married staff
housing, built for $107,152)
100th anniversary celebrated on May 30th
In 2003, renovated 2 row houses into office space for the Canadian Defence Academy.
RMC honoured by Frontenac Heritage Foundation in 2005 for the restoration.
Capt J B Ridout, Capt of Cadets at RMC 1876
Academic buildings containing offices, classrooms, and science and engineering labs.
1557 Colonel William Reginald Sawyer, PhD (RMC 1924), Chemistry
Professor (1935-41), Vice Commandant & director of studies
Sir Archie Macdonell Athletic Centre
1518 Sir Archie Macdonell (RMC 1919) former commandant
Registry of Historic Places of Canada
designed by architect Archibald Fraser as Royal Dockyard naval supply storehouse
Currently Dormitory-housing 1 Squadron, located to East of Parade Square.
Beach Volleyball courts
designed and build by 23090 Kevin Maarse (RMC '05) 23170 Maciej Hatta (RMC '05)
Yeo Hall Mess Building, Building No. 32
Registry of Historic Places of Canada
A multifunctional mess and recreation building built from 1934-36
Houses the Cadet Dining Hall and the Cadet Mess.
RMC barber and Canadian Forces Exchange System (CANEX) are located in the basement.
Sir James Lucas Yeo,commander of Royal Navy forces in Canada during War of 1812
The Massey Library collection consists of approximately 135,000 books, 1,800 audio-visual items and 1,200 periodicals in English and French. The library possesses RMC historical materiel including cadet photographs, scrapbooks, collections, diaries, and letters. The major collections follow:
donated by the class of 1956
John W. Spurr (former RMC chief librarian)
Reginald E. Watters
General Harry Crerar (Commanding general of the First Canadian Army during WWII)
German language military and technical manuals
RMC has five dormitories, which are similar to most universities and
provide the basic necessities. Organized by squadron, dormitories are
co-educational with separate washrooms for men and women. Officer
Cadets share a room in first year with someone who is proficient in the
other official language.
Memorials and traditions
Main article: List of Royal Military College of Canada Memorials
e.g. Triumphal arch; Trophies, Commemorative and Memorial Trees,
Monuments, Plaques, and Others. This includes a list of RMC Traditions
and RMC Militaria & Collectibles
Royal Military College of Canada Museum
Royal Military College of Canada Museum
Fort Frederick on the campus of the Royal Military College of Canada
The University museum, established in 1962, is located in Fort Frederick on the campus of the Royal Military College of Canada in the Fort Frederick Martello Tower. Between 1922 and 1946, the RMC collections consisted merely of arms and military artefacts
collections raised, built and maintained by individuals or very small
groups of veterans. Although these items were interesting, there was no
overall, coordinated story.
The museum's mandate is to collect, conserve, research and display
material relating to the history of the RMC, achievements of its former
cadets and the earlier naval history of its site, the Point Frederick
Dockyard. The museum, which is housed in the Fort Frederick Martello
Tower, contains collections of military memorabilia
and 7000 artefacts, including a collection of 16th through 20th century
arms, uniforms, flags, military art and trophies. It holds, for
example, the Douglas Arms Collection which was presented to RMC by Walter Douglas (RMC 1890) and the Leinster Plate of the Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment A model of the 112-gun HMC St. Lawrence was donated in 2008. The Royal
Military College of Canada Museum Colouring Book features the RMC
mascot, a white bear with RMC pillbox hat and scarlett tunic. The lower
floor of the Martello Tower contains exhibits on the War of 1812 and
the fort's dockyard. The main floor contains exhibits on the history of
the college, and personal mementos of the Old Eighteen, the first class
that enrolled in 1876. A gun platform displays the original cannons at
the top of the tower. The museum is a member of the Canadian Museums Association and the Organization of Military Museums of Canada Inc. It is also accredited within the Canadian Forces Museum System. A cooperating association of friends of the museum has been formed to assist with projects. The Archives includes cartographic materials, prints and drawings,
manuscripts and photographs. The human history consists of manuscripts,
medals, military history and technology and weapons.
Brigadier Charles N. Perreau, RMC Commandant 1915-19, indicated
that he wanted to establish a museum at RMC. RMC started to collect
artefacts in a piecemeal way.
In 1918, Col. Charles N. Perreau requested a propeller on behalf of
the RMC to the Commission on War Records and Trophies. "as a memoria of
the many cadets we have sent to the RAF."
151 Major-General Sir Archibald Macdonell, RMC commandant 1919-25
gathered trophies he had addressed to RMC from the battlefields, and a
few items from different sources.
Maj.-Gen. Macdonell requested various War Trophies captured by the
Canadian Corps be dispatched to RMC for disposal about the grounds and
buildings in recognition of the record of the ex-cadets.
A special army board met at RMC to look at the possibility of
creating a museum in Fort Frederick, on RMC grounds. The conclusion was
Quartermaster General wrote to 621 Brigadier Charles Francis Constantine,
DSO, RMC Commandant 1925-30 "It is the desire of National Defence
Headquarters to make the museum at the Royal Military College the
principal storehouse for military relics of all natures..."
Although the army opened many museums from 1946 to 1964, the RMC Museum did not materialize.
An inventory of RMC's holdings, 12 pages of items, many of the 1914-1918 vintage, had been captured from the Germans.
Walter Douglas (RMC 1890) donated the 430-piece collection of arms
of the late General Profirio Diaz, former President of Mexico to RMC.
Most of these firearms, had little to do with RMC's history.
The packing cases left by Douglas had not yet been opened.
RMC authorities decided to close the RMC museum.
Today we would classify the first version of the RMC Museum as a
mere historical collection. *Many artifacts contained in Fort Henry, a
19th Century citadel overlooking the RMC grounds were given to other
The army published the Military Museums order which presented the
parameters within which corps or unit army museums could be created,
and described when and how these museums could access equipment or war
Many army museums started to be officially recognized.
The idea of reopening the RMC museum resurfaced.
Douglas's cases were finally opened, along with others containing the material that had been set aside in 1946.
25 June 1962
The new RMC Museum opened at its present location in the Martello Tower at Fort Frederick.
Having three national historical designations, environmental assessments (which also involve archaeological
studies) are required before construction activities are implemented on
the college grounds. While planning to build a new dormitory at RMC, a
required environmental assessment revealed the remains of a naval
dockyard. This dockyard was significant in the building of ships by the
British during the War of 1812.
Because of the site's significance, a full archaeological dig had to be
implemented before construction of the new dorminitory could begin.
The Royal Military College of Canada "was the first military college
to be established in a colonial dependency and it had a double
function, the preparation of cadets for civilian careers as well as for
military commissions." Richard A Preston, Canada's RMC. The
Kingston Royal Naval Dockyard was a Royal Navy yard from 1788 to 1853
at the site of the current Royal Military College of Canada.
May 26, 1874
Military College of Canada was established by "An Act to Establish a Military College", an Act of the Canadian Parliament "for the purpose of providing a complete education in all branches of military tactics, fortification, engineering, and general scientific knowledge in subjects connected with and necessary to thorough knowledge of the military profession" in one of the Garrison Towns of Canada
June 1, 1876
Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario opened its
doors to the first class of eighteen officer cadets. The names of these
"Old Eighteen" are memorized by all cadets today.
Her Majesty Queen Victoria, granted the college the right to use the prefix "Royal."
The first Commandant, Major Edward Osborne Hewett, chose the college motto, "Truth, Duty, Valour". The full dress uniform of an officer cadet has remained essentially the same; however, the Pillbox hat has replaced the shako. The pith helmet remains in use for Parade (military) only.
Private schools were established to prepare boys for entrance to RMC, including the Rothesay Netherwood School and the Hillfield Strathallan College.
A House of Commons report describes "Kingston Military College and
other Educational Experiments...The Government of the Dominion have
also established, at Kingston, an institution where young men may
receive a training to fit them for the military profession--an
institution something on the model of West Point--the practical
benefits of which, however, are not as yet appreciable in a country
like this, which has no regular army, and cannot afford employment
suitable for the peculiar studies necessarily followed in the Academy."
The first recorded First Aid class taught in Ontario was held at the RMC.
The RMC alumni association (RMC Club) was inaugurated
The first annual RMC alumni dinner was held in Ottawa
Hockey game played between students of Queen's University and the Royal Military College of Canada.
Leo the Royal Cadet is an opera composed by Oscar Telgmann and George Cameron
The RMC Club Proceedings, the predecessor of The Review, the Log of HMS Stone Frigate, the Club Newsletter, and current Veritas was published
Can You Tell Me The Reason Why?, a song about life at the Royal
Military College of Canada, was written by #282 A.H.N. Kennedy (1888)
& #287 B.H.O. Armstrong (1889)
The RMC Club was incorporated under the Statutes of Ontario
The tradition of the Roll Call, which continues today in the Old Brigade, began
The RMC club decided to erect "a suitable memorial gateway" in memory of those ex cadets who have laid down their lives…."
July 31, 1920
George V of the United Kingdom granted and assigned the Armorial Ensigns for the Royal Military College of Canada at the Court at St. James.'
"Per pale Azure and Gules on the Dexter side a Scaling Ladder
Argent ensigned by a Mural Crown Or and on the Sinister side two Swords
in saltire of the third points upward, on a Chief of the fourth three
grenades of the first fired proper, an Inescutcheon charged with the
Union Badge and for the Crest on a Wreath of the Colours An Arm in
armour embowed gauntletted and holding a Sprig of three Maple Leaves
and ensigned by the Imperial Crown all proper, as the same are in the
painting hereunto annexed more plainly depicted to be borne by our said
Royal Military College of Canada on Seals, Shields, Banners, Flags or
otherwise according to the Laws of Arms."
The RMC March (music), Precision (march) was composed by Madame Denise Chabot, the wife of an RMC staff member, Major C.A. Chabot. She was inspired by
the sound of the cadets marching past married quarters. The march
starts, "We are the gentlemen cadets of RMC. We have sworn to love and
serve Her Majesty…" The College March for bagpipe is Alexander Mackenzie
The last class at RMC for the duration of hostilities graduated, a
final parade was held and the college colours were laid up in Saint George's
Cathedral in Kingston, Ontario. For the remainder of the war the
College served as a wartime training area, offering courses such as the
Company Commanders Course, Military Intelligence Course, and the War Staff Course.
The Canadian Amateur Hockey Association declared Kingston, Ontario the birthplace of hockey, based on a recorded 1886 game played between students of Queen's University and the Royal Military College of Canada.
The Chelsey committee, headed by Brigadier Leonard McEwan Chelsey
(RMC 1917), made recommendations about the provision of officers for
the active force, about the educational requiresments of candidates,
and about the way they should be trained.
Plan A proposed to eliminate RMC as a source of officers and to use
the site as a two year course for military training of university
graduates. *Plan B proposed to enlarge RMC so it could provide the
total annual requirements of the active force, to make it free and to
impose an obligation on graduates to serve in the active force.
Plan C proposed to enlarge RMC to produce 50-70% of the officers
needed and to have a parallel officer training system in universities
to prepare the balance.
RMC reopened with the "New One Hundred" cadets. The New One Hundred Opening Ceremonies were held (20 September 1948).
Since World War II,
RMC has broadened to cover a wide range of disciplines however RMC was
originally oriented very heavily towards science and engineering.
In the Post-War re-organisation of the Canadian Forces, the Canadian Military Colleges Circle (CMC) was formed with RMC, Royal Roads Military College (RRMC) and Le Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean(CMR)
The RMC Club commemorated the fallen from the Second World War on two bronze plaques located on the flanking plinths of the Arch. Names of cadets lost in Korea, through peacekeeping and other operations were added as required.
The Old Brigade, alumni celebrating 50 + years since they entered
one of the military colleges, are inducted. At the time, RMC was the
only military college with a four year course, the course was 15
percent military content. . He devised a new system of organization at
RMC consisting of a vice-commandant as director of studies, to
coordinate the military and academic training at RMC and to represent
RMC at the National Conference of Canadian Universities as the
equivalent of a vce-principal. The commandant personally commanded the
cadet battalion. A staff-adjutant issued the routine orders.
The Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh visit RMC on 12 October 1951.
CMR was established in order to conduct tri-service cadet training within the Canadian Forces.
The RMC Band was founded. It includes the pipes and drums section, the brass and reed section, the choir, and a Scottish highland dance troupe.
March 26, 1959
The province of Ontario granted a university charter
to RMC by passing "The Royal Military College of Canada Degrees Act,
1959" enabling RMC to offer degrees in Arts, Science, and Engineering
at the undergraduate and graduate
levels. "The Royal Military College of Canada Degrees Act, 1959" was
passed by the 25th Ontario Legislature and given Royal Assent on March
The Canadian historian, #4393 Doctor Desmond Morton O.C., was the first graduate to receive his RMC degree.
The RMC Flag inspired Dr. George F.G. Stanley, in his design for the new Canadian flag which was adopted in 1965.
- a registered Canadian charity - was founded as an alumni charitable organization to perform fundraising in support of RMC.
RMC celebrates its centennial
Commemorative Centennial Canada Post stamps depict a Wing Parade in front of the Mackenzie Building and a Colour Party with the Memorial Arch in the background
490 Brigadier F. H. Maynard, (RMC 1901) unveiled the RMC Club's
centennial gift, the statue now known as 'Brucie.' Maynard had served
in France, Mesopotamia and India.
Military colleges open their doors to women.
In September, the first 32 female cadets are accepted into first year at RMC
following the end of the Cold War and massive government cutbacks on defence spending, the Department of National Defence closed Royal Roads Military College (RRMC) and Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean (CMR).
CMR now operates as part of ASU Saint-Jean as Campus Saint-Jean where preparatory year ("Prep year") cadets acquire the necessary academic standard needed to attend RMC.
RRMC Royal Roads Military College is no longer a military institution, and is now maintained by the Government of British Columbia as Royal Roads University.
The loss of CMR and RRMC along with their many traditions and history as military colleges still remains a bitter event for many cadets and alumni.
Canadian Defence Academy (CDA), which oversees RMC, was established
To commemorate the 125th anniversary of the founding of RMC, the RMC Foundation refurbished the Memorial Arch and the Royal Canadian Mint issued a 5-cent coin.
The RMC celebrated the 125 year history of the college with a National Film Board of Canada Documentary, The Royal Military College of Canada - A History
For every 2.5 undergraduate degrees, RMC now produces one graduate
degree. The average civilian faculty member at RMC currently attracts
over $121,000 annually in extramural research funding.
The RMC launches the Aboriginal Leadership Opportunity Year (ALOY)
The Royal Military College in fiction and popular culture
The Royal Military College's central place in Canadian military
circles has made it the setting for novels, plays, films and other
In Jetstream (TV series),
a 2007 television series airing on Discovery Canada about pilots
training to fly the CF-18 Hornet in the Canadian Forces, seven of the
eight pilots are graduates of the RMC.
Timothy Findley's fictional character Robert Ross in his World War
I novel 'the Wars' (Penguin Canada 2005) studied military law and
trajectory mathematics at the Royal Military College of Canada. His
novel won the Governor General's Award for fiction and was adapted into
a play. In 1985, Timothy Findlay was appointed an Officer of the Order
19828 John-James Ford's
protagonist in his coming-of-age novel 'Bonk on the Head' studied at
the Royal Military College of Canada. The novel won the 2006 Ottawa
Book Award in the English fiction category.
Oscar Telgmann and George Cameron's "Leo the Royal Cadet" is an
opera written in 1889 in which Leo leaves his sweetheart Nellie to
fight the Zulus in Natal.
"Till we meet again", is a musical set in Montreal, Quebec
during World War II. Each act features an interview with an ex Royal
Military College of Canada cadet who is a Canadian army officer: after Dunkirk, after Dieppe and after Juno Beach.
Sara Jeanette Duncan's
"Cousin Cinderella: A Canadian Girl in London" by Macmillan in New York
and Methuen in London (1908) features Graham, a Royal Military College
of Canada graduate, and his sister Mary Trent. Graham and Mary's
father, Senator Trent has earned a fortune in the family lumber
business. After serving in South Africa and entering the family lumber
business Graham Trent travels with his sister Mary from Minnebiac, a
fictional small town in Ontario to England. There, Graham Trent becomes
engaged to Barbara Pavisay, a member of a proud old English family
whose line extends back to the Tudors. When Barbara Pavisay breaks off
the engagement to Graham, his sister Mary becomes engaged to Barbara's
brother Lord Pavisay. It is assumed that Graham Trent will return to
Canada, continue in the family business and be elected to Parliament.
Sara Jeanette Duncan's "A Voyage of Consolation" is a sequel to "Cousin
Cinderella: A Canadian Girl in London."
Dr. David Clark's Canadian Army Trilogy, The Ridge (1994), Lamone
(2001) and Lucifer's Gate 2002 outlines the stories of two generations
of the Warwick family and the Canadian Army in the Great War. In
Lucifer's Gate, Captain James Niles, a Royal Military College graduate,
is posted temporarily to a recruit training battalion. He is a
professional officer, all spit and polish, everything by the King's
Regulations. After ordering the crowd to disperse, Niles accepts thanks
from German proprietors of a tailor shop, Hans and Analise Holzhauer
and falls for their daughter, Rosamund. The lovely Rosamund is
unfortunately, an unsuitable match since they are worlds apart in
social position. Niles, who is practically engaged to the Colonel's
daughter Roselyn, comes to realize while serving under Commander Arthur
Currie in France, that Roselyn never has a serious thought, caring only
about tennis and garden parties.